Custom Processing Services Blog

You ask, we answer: Top 6 questions about food powder processing

Justin Klinger, Oct 17, 2023 10:04:00 AM

Food powder being poured into an industrial mixer.

It’s tough to overstate the importance of food powder processing among food manufacturing practices. This specific set of milling and processing capabilities supports industries ranging from food and beverages to pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and even cosmetics.

Powder processing not only dictates the quality and efficacy of end products; it also impacts the efficiency and profitability of manufacturing.

As a trusted toll processing partner with state-of-the-art facilities and experts in every corner of the process, CPS fields calls and questions about food powder processing every day. Whether they’re dealing with common ingredients or challenging ones, our experts help customers meet and exceed product specifications, industry standards, and regulatory requirements — while controlling costs and use of resources.

These are our top 6 questions about milling and powder processing for food manufacturing:

  1. What is food powder processing, and how does it work?
  2. What are the primary advantages food powder processing brings to ingredient manufacturing?
  3. Which industries rely on food powder processing to manufacture their products?
  4. What are the top factors to consider when choosing food powder processing equipment?
  5. What are some common safety practices and maintenance protocols in food powder processing?
  6. What are some influential future trends in food powder processing?

1. What is food powder processing, and how does it work?

While milling encompasses many techniques to break down materials, food powder processing is unique in several ways. It’s not just about reducing particle size; it’s about doing so in a way that enhances the product’s functional properties, like solubility, texture, and shelf life.

The processes employ advanced techniques to achieve specific particle sizes and distributions. These methods are often customized to meet the unique requirements of different industries:

  1. Wet and dry grinding — ideal for a wide range of materials, offering flexibility in terms of moisture content
  2. Jet milling — utilizes compressed air or gas to create high-velocity collisions between particles, ideal for heat-sensitive materials
  3. Wet media milling — used especially in pharmaceuticals and other cGMP applications, where contamination control is critical
  4. Flash drying — reduces moisture content to protect product quality, preserve nutrients, promote safety, and improve shelf life
  5. Mixing and blendingdifferent methods are used to achieve the desired product homogeneity and prevents separation

The importance of food powder processing extends well beyond the manufacturing floor. In the food and beverage industry, it can mean the difference between a product that’s palatable and one that’s not tasty enough to eat. In pharmaceuticals, the correct particle size can significantly affect a drug’s efficacy and bioavailability.

2. What are the primary advantages of employing food powder processing for ingredient manufacturing?

These are a few key advantages of using advanced grinding techniques to process food ingredients into finely milled powders:

  • Enhanced sensory characteristics — improved texture, color, and flavor can all be critical for consumer preference and/or patient experience
  • Increased product stability — longer shelf life and reduced spoilage
  • Controlled chemical reactions — achieving the desired effect and meeting safety or quality standards can depend on keeping reactions between ingredients, or between ingredients and packaging, under tight control
  • Cost-efficiency — when it’s possible to use smaller quantities of expensive APIs, overall production costs can be reduced
  • Increased bioavailability — especially in pharmaceuticals, effectiveness of active ingredients is singularly important

3. Which industries rely on food powder processing to manufacture their products?

High-quality products intended for consumption — and in many cases, products for topical applications — depend on the precision and tight control over particle size that food powder processing makes possible:

  • Food and beverage: For everything from baking ingredients to instant mixes
  • Pharmaceuticals: In the production of tablets, capsules, and other drug delivery systems
  • Nutraceuticals and dietary supplements: For products requiring precise dosages, or that benefit from tightly controlled physical characteristics
  • Cosmetics: In the formulation of powders that can end up in products that are dry powders, as well as in liquids, suspensions, creams, lotions, etc.

4. What are the top factors to consider when choosing food powder processing equipment?

Selecting the right equipment for food powder processing is a critical decision that can significantly impact the quality of the end product, operational efficiency, and overall profitability.

Particle size and distribution capabilities

Different milling methods yield different particle sizes. Mechanical mills can achieve sizes as fine as 50 microns, while jet mills are used for even finer particles. Equipment should be capable of producing a consistent particle size distribution for dependable product quality.

Material characteristics

Characteristics such as heat sensitivity, moisture content, and material hardness, friability, and abrasiveness can all influence the choice of equipment used for food powder processing.


Depending on your production needs, you may require equipment that can handle either batch or continuous processing. Ensuring the equipment can scale up or down to meet varying production volumes without compromising quality.

Contamination risks

Equipment should be constructed of nonreactive, corrosion-resistant materials. Machine and component designs should allow for easy dismantling and cleaning to prevent cross-contamination.

Operational efficiency

Energy efficiency impacts long-term operational costs, and user-friendly interfaces and automation options can reduce the learning curve and minimize operator error.

Compliance and safety

Processing equipment should meet all relevant industry standards, including FDA’s cGMP for food and pharmaceutical applications. Look for equipment with built-in safety measures such as emergency stops, lock-out/tag-out features, and strategically placed protective guards.

5. What are some common safety practices and maintenance protocols in food powder processing?

Safety and maintenance in food powder processing are not just operational necessities; they’re industry imperatives. Stringent industry and government standards, most notably the FDA’s Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP), set the baseline for quality and safety.

Regulatory standards

  1. FDA's cGMP — compliance ensures that products meet safety, quality, and efficacy standards
  2. ISO Certifications — many facilities also adhere to ISO 9001 for quality management and ISO 22000 for food safety management
  3. HACCP Plans  — Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points plans are often used to identify and manage risks in the food processing environment

Controlling cross-contamination

Preventing cross-contamination requires strict adherence to proper handling procedures, and can require:

  • Dedicated processing lines for allergens or other sensitive materials
  • Rigorous cleaning and sanitization protocols for all equipment between batches
  • Proper material flow design within a facility incorporates unidirectional material flow to minimize cross-contamination risks
  • Filtration systems including high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters can help prevent airborne contamination

Worker and facility safety practices and maintenance protocols

Workers operating advanced milling equipment need to be kept safe and healthy, and that often requires carefully designed protocols and procedures, including:

  • Personal protection equipment (PPE): Workers are often required to wear personal protective equipment including masks, gloves, and sometimes full-body suits
  • Training & education programs: Continuous and regularly updated training on equipment handling, emergency response, and safety protocols ensures that workers are following the most current guidelines
  • Documentation: Maintain records of all preventive controls and procedures
  • Inspections and audits: Regularly scheduled to ensure compliance with safety standards

By adhering to safety practices and maintenance protocols like these, manufacturers not only ensure the quality of the end product but also the well-being of their workforce:

  • Regular cleaning: Prevents cross-contamination
  • Equipment checks: Routine inspections help ensure all parts are in working condition
  • Software updates: For automated systems, ensuring they are up-to-date prevents operational hitches
  • Scheduled inspections: Regular checks to ensure all machinery is functioning correctly
  • Preventive maintenance: Scheduled downtime for machinery to undergo thorough inspections and necessary repairs
  • Documentation: Detailed logs of all maintenance activities, including any parts replaced or repairs made, for compliance and quality assurance

6. What are some influential future trends in food powder processing?

As the industry evolves and innovates, several trends are shaping the future of food powder processing. Here are some of the biggest drivers of change we see: 

  • Integration of Industry 4.0 technologies, such as IoT sensors and machine learning algorithms, to optimize milling processes, reduce waste, and enhance quality control 
  • Sustainability and carbon footprints are becoming a focal point, with companies exploring eco-friendly resources, ingredients, and materials, and more energy-efficient processes
  • Consumer preferences for clean-label and natural ingredients are also influencing the sector, pushing manufacturers to adopt advanced milling techniques that preserve the nutritional value of the ingredients. A push for personalized nutrition may further drive demand for specialized powder formulations, requiring more versatile and precise processing capabilities
  • Increased regulatory scrutiny into food safety and traceability is coming, adding even greater emphasis on compliance and documentation procedures.

The Future is Now: Learn More About Advanced Milling & Powder Processing for Food Ingredients

From technological advancements to sustainability initiatives and regulatory compliance, the industry is in a state of dynamic evolution. To make informed decisions and capitalize on emerging opportunities, a comprehensive understanding of current practices and future trends is indispensable.

Equip yourself with the knowledge you need to seize critical market opportunities. For a comprehensive look into the methodologies, benefits, and compliance requirements of food powder processing, download our in-depth guide, Milling Methods for Food and Pharmaceuticals. Click below for your free copy.

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